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Understand This 1 Trick Before You Apply For Home Loan - Daily Reducing Balance Interest




Buying a home is a major life goal, and a home loan is often the key to unlocking that dream. But understanding the intricacies of loan terms can be daunting, especially when it comes to interest calculation. One crucial concept you'll encounter is the daily reducing balance method, used by most lenders for home loans in India.


What is the Daily Reducing Balance Method?


Imagine a bucket filled with water representing your outstanding loan amount. Every time you make a payment, some water is removed from the bucket. This is essentially what the daily reducing balance method does. It calculates interest based on the remaining loan balance after each payment, not the original loan amount.


How does it work?


  1. EMI Calculation: Your Equated Monthly Installment (EMI) is fixed throughout the loan tenure. It comprises both principal (the borrowed amount) and interest.

  2. Daily Interest Accrual: Interest accrues daily on the outstanding loan balance, even though you pay EMIs monthly.

  3. Payment Allocation: When you make an EMI payment, a portion goes towards the accrued interest for the month, and the remaining amount reduces the principal.

  4. Reduced Balance for Next Month: The remaining loan balance after each payment becomes the base for calculating interest in the next month. This cycle continues until the loan is fully repaid.

Benefits of Daily Reducing Balance Method:


  • Lower Effective Interest Rate: As the principal reduces with each payment, the interest amount also decreases over time. This leads to a lower effective interest rate compared to other methods like the flat rate.

  • Faster Principal Reduction: A larger portion of your EMI goes towards the principal in the later years of the loan, accelerating repayment.

  • Transparency: You can easily track your loan progress and see how much principal you're paying off each month.

Visualizing the Daily Reducing Balance Method:


Let's imagine you take a home loan of ₹10 lakh for 10 years at an interest rate of 9% per annum. Your monthly EMI would be around ₹12,064.

  • Month 1: Interest is calculated on the full loan amount of ₹10 lakh, amounting to ₹7,500. The remaining ₹4,564 reduces the principal to ₹9,54,436.

  • Month 2: Interest is now calculated on the reduced principal of ₹9,54,436, leading to a slightly lower interest amount of ₹7,135. The remaining EMI amount further reduces the principal.

  • Month 3: This cycle continues, with the interest amount decreasing and the principal reducing faster in the later years.

Additional Points to Consider:


  • While the daily reducing balance method is beneficial, it's important to remember that prepayments can further reduce your interest burden.

  • Some lenders might charge a prepayment penalty, so check the terms and conditions carefully before making any prepayments.

  • Using an online EMI calculator can help you estimate your monthly payments and understand the impact of different interest rates and loan terms.

Illustration of Home Loan EMI Calculation:

Scenario:

  • Loan Amount: ₹ 10 lakh

  • Interest Rate: 9% per annum

  • Loan Tenure: 10 years

Part (a) Daily Reducing Balance Method:

  1. Daily Interest Rate: 9% per annum / 365 days = 0.000246575

  2. Monthly Interest Rate: 0.000246575 * 30 days = 0.0074

  3. Monthly Payment (EMI): Use an EMI calculator or formula considering daily interest. In this case, the EMI would be approximately ₹13,097.

  4. Interest Calculation for the First Day:

  • Starting Balance: ₹10 lakh

  • Interest for 1 day: 0.000246575 * ₹10 lakh = ₹2.47

  1. Remaining Balance after First Day's Interest: ₹10 lakh - ₹2.47 = ₹9,99,752.53

  2. Repeat steps 4 and 5 for all 365 days in the first year. The remaining balance at the end of the year will be slightly lower than using the monthly reducing balance method due to daily compounding.

  3. Continue the calculations for all 10 years, considering the remaining balance from the previous year for daily interest accrual.

Part (b) Monthly Reducing Balance Method:

  1. Monthly Interest Rate: 9% per annum / 12 months = 0.75%

  2. Monthly Payment (EMI): Use an EMI calculator or formula considering monthly interest. In this case, the EMI would be approximately ₹13,106.

  3. Interest Calculation for the First Month:

  • Starting Balance: ₹10 lakh

  • Interest for 1 month: 0.75% * ₹10 lakh = ₹7,500

  1. Remaining Balance after First Month's Payment: ₹10 lakh - ₹8,333.33 - ₹7,500 = ₹4,166.67

  2. Repeat steps 3 and 4 for all 120 months (10 years). The remaining balance at the end of the year will be slightly higher compared to the daily reducing balance method due to less frequent compounding.

Comparison:

  • Total Interest Paid: The daily reducing balance method will result in slightly lower total interest paid due to more frequent compounding of interest.

  • EMI Amount: The monthly reducing balance method might have a slightly higher EMI due to less frequent compounding, but the difference is marginal.

  • Transparency: Both methods are transparent, but the daily reducing balance method requires more complex calculations.



Conclusion:


Understanding the daily reducing balance method empowers you to make informed decisions about your home loan. By choosing this method, you can benefit from a lower effective interest rate and faster principal repayment, ultimately making your homeownership journey smoother and more financially rewarding.

I hope this detailed explanation has demystified the daily reducing balance method for you. If you have any further questions, feel free to ask!


FAQs


1. What is the daily reducing balance method?

It's a method for calculating interest on home loans where interest accrues daily on the remaining loan balance, not the original amount. Every payment reduces the principal, leading to lower interest in subsequent periods.

2. How does it differ from the monthly reducing balance method?

With the monthly method, interest is calculated on the remaining balance at the beginning of each month. Daily compounding in the daily method leads to slightly lower total interest paid.

3. What are the benefits of the daily reducing balance method?

  • Lower effective interest rate: You pay less interest overall compared to other methods like flat rate.

  • Faster principal reduction: A greater portion of your EMI goes towards the principal later in the loan, accelerating repayment.

  • Transparency: You can easily track your loan progress and see how much principal you're paying off each month.

4. Are there any disadvantages?

  • Complex calculations: The daily method involves more intricate calculations compared to monthly, though most lenders provide EMI calculators.

  • Prepayment penalty: Some lenders might charge a penalty for prepayments, so check the terms and conditions carefully.

5. How can I calculate my EMI using the daily reducing balance method?

You can use online EMI calculators or formulas considering daily interest. Most lenders offer calculators on their websites, or you can find online tools specifically designed for this purpose.

6. Does the loan tenure affect the interest amount?

Yes, a longer loan tenure leads to higher total interest paid, regardless of the calculation method. Aim for a shorter tenure if possible to minimize interest costs.

7. Can I make additional payments to reduce my loan faster?

Absolutely! Prepayments further reduce your principal and interest burden. Check with your lender about any prepayment penalties before making them.

8. Does the daily reducing balance method apply to all home loans?

Most lenders in India use this method for home loans, but it's always best to confirm with your specific lender to be sure.

9. Can I switch from one interest calculation method to another?

Generally, no. Interest calculation methods are typically fixed at the loan agreement stage. Focus on choosing the right method upfront and negotiating favorable terms.

10. Where can I find more information about daily reducing balance interest?

Your lender can provide detailed information, and various online resources like financial blogs, investment websites, and government websites offer comprehensive explanations.

By understanding these FAQs, you can make informed decisions when choosing and managing your home loan, benefiting from the advantages of the daily reducing balance method and optimizing your repayment strategy.



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